The Renault Dauphine is an economy car produced in between 1956 and 1967. It was sold as a 4-door saloon with engine located at the rear and rear-wheel drive. Along with the Volkswagen Beetle, Morris Minor, Mini and Fiat 600, it was a pioneer of modern European economy cars. A number of variants have been launched, including luxury and sports versions. In total, more than 2 million examples were produced.

The car was powered by a water-cooled 0.85-litre petrol engine with 27 hp (20 kW) or 36 hp (27 kW). The more powerful version could reach 130 km/h and accelerate from 0 to 97 km/h in 30 seconds.