The Volkswagen Karmann Ghia are three overlapping sporty model lines, sold as a 2+2 coupe (1955-1975) and 2+2 convertible (1957-1975). Internally, they were referred to as Type 14 (1955-1975), Type 34 (1962-1969), and Type 145 TC  (1972-1975; Brazil). The cars combined the floor panels and mechanicals of the Type 1/Beetle with the styling of the Italian Carrozeria Ghia. In total, more than 480,000 units were produced. The cars were rear-wheel drive and the engine was located at the rear.

The Type 14 Karmann Ghia from 1955 was only the second Volkswagen passenger car produced after the Beetle. The Type 14 was faster and more expensive than the Beetle, but was very cramped in the back, despite their post-war design. It was sold as a 2-door convertible and coupe.